What Your Blood Pressure Should Be For Your Age Group

Blood pressure is the measure of the force exerted on the walls of the arteries as and when your heart pumps blood or when there is relaxation or contraction of your heart muscles. The blood pressure varies from individual to individual and also is different for both men and women. Therefore, it is essential to know the difference between normal Blood Pressure and High Blood Pressure or simply Hypertension. But before understanding anything further, you should know what blood pressure number means. 

When you usually visit a clinic for measuring blood pressure, the readings are composed of two different numbers, e.g., 120/80 mm Hg. The above number, i.e., 120, indicates the systolic pressure, which measures the pressure in the arteries when heartbeats. In simpler words, it measures the force caused on the wall of your arteries when the heart contracts and pushes the blood. The below number indicates the measure of the pressure of your arteries between each heartbeat. This can also be said as pressure when your heart relaxes, and blood fills again. This is known as diastolic pressure. Since you know what the number indicates, the alphabet ‘mm Hg’ stands for ‘millimeters of Hg.’ 

Normal Blood Pressure At Every Age

If you have a young child, children’s blood pressure varies from infancy until they reach adolescence. For newborns, the blood pressure readings are measured at a value (60-90)/(20-60) mm Hg. (Note that these values have an upper and lower range; the values between them are also considered standard). Therefore, the blood pressure value varies from (87-105)/(53-66) mm Hg for an infant. For a preschooler, the blood pressure reading varies from (95-110)/(56-70) mm Hg. For a child who goes to school, the average blood pressure should range from (97-112/ 57-71) mm Hg. Finally, the average blood varies from (112-128/ 66-80) mm Hg for an adolescent. The values mentioned earlier are provided by the University of Iowa Stead Family Hospital. As an adult in the age group of 20 years and older, the Blood Pressure should be lower than 120/80 mm Hg.

Age Group  Systolic (mm Hg)  Diastolic (mm Hg)
New Born  60-90 20-60
Infant  87-105 53-66
Preschooler 95-110 56-70
School 97-112 57-71
Adolescent 112-128 68-80
Adult (20+)  Less than 120 Less than 80

 The older you get, the blood vessels become stiff and fatty material called plaque starts building in your blood vessels. The collection of plaque in your blood vessels can cause a rise in Blood Pressure. Higher Blood pressure can also indicate you are at higher risk of heart diseases, stroke.  

A study analysis published in Lancet in 2015 showed that the average blood pressure for men was 127/79 mm Hg and those for women were 122/77 mm Hg. In the United States, the blood pressure for an average adult male 124/72 mm Hg, and that for a woman was 121/ 71 mm Hg. These readings were found by the researcher of The National Center for Health Status. The Average blood pressure also varies for people of different ethnicities; if you are of color, your blood pressure value is slightly higher. 

So what happens if you have blood pressure which does not fall in this range? Fall within the given range? A person with hypertension usually has a blood pressure level around 130/80 mm Hg or higher. Adults with high blood pressure are divided into categories based on their stage of hypertension. Each step increases the risk to your health. A hypertensive emergency is a rapid rise in blood pressure that can lead to a stroke. It is defined as a blood pressure reading of 180/120.

1. Elevated

The Blood pressure value is between (120-129)/ 80 mm Hg. If your blood pressure is high, you’re in danger of experiencing hypertension unless you take action to manage it. Modification in lifestyle, such as eating a heart-healthy diet, getting more exercise, and stopping smoking, may be among them.

2. Stage 1 Hypertension

The Blood pressure value is between (130-139)/ (80-90) mm Hg. One doctor will almost undoubtedly urge you to make certain lifestyle modifications. They may also prescribe medication based on your risk of cardiovascular illness, heart attack, or stroke.

3. Stage 2 Hypertension

The Blood pressure value is between 140/90 mm Hg and above. Your doctor will prescribe medications for you to lower your blood pressure. 

4. Hypersensitive Crisis

The Blood pressure value is between 180/120 mm Hg and above. If your blood pressure is this high, you should seek medical attention real soon. You could have a cardiac arrest, a stroke, or something else that impairs your organs or jeopardizes your life.

 If you have blood pressure in these ranges, you are more likely to suffer from hypertension. However, hypertension can also be caused due to various reasons, which include: 

Little- no exercise

If you try not to exercise or think that it will not help you, you are wrong, my friend. A person who does not exercise well is more prone to hypertension. 

Unhealthy diet

If you constantly prefer eating out and junk food, you might want to start considering what all food you eat. As they may not be the best for your heart. People who are overweight can also be prone to high or elevated blood pressure, which can put your life at risk. 

Addiction

Tobacco consumption or secondhand smoke inhalation can damage arteries and raise blood pressure. Heavy drinking regularly has been related to high blood pressure and other cardiovascular problems.

Heredity

If either of your parents has been facing high blood pressure problems, you are more likely to face the same health issues. It also varies for men and Women. 

Therefore, it is essential to regularly check for your blood pressure level and take proper care of yourself.