We all have experienced muscle cramps in one or the other situation in our daily life! Be it after lifting heavy objects or running, people usually experience cramps after the exertion of muscles. But there are cases where people are subjected to severe cramps during the rest period too. Leg cramps at night are one such example.
Our go-to option in these scenarios is to let time heal them or take haven home remedies and let muscles relax. But here are the top scenarios when you should not take them lightly or ignore them!
The Hidden Meaning!
Our body is quick to respond to any external/internal factors that can cause uneasiness in the body. The signs can be as common as a fever and muscle spasm. But, since the body self-recovers with little rest, people are not fazed by it. However, here are some disorders that mimic muscular spasms but bear a much more significant burden!
- If You Suffer From Prolonged And Frequent Bouts Of Muscular Spasm
You might be suffering from an involuntary muscle contraction disorder called Dystonias. The condition affects a wide range of muscles from limbs to the neck.
- Periodic Spasm With Twitching Of Muscles
Medical condition Tetany is attributed to this muscular behavior. It is said to be resulting from calcium imbalance in the body.
- A Sensation Of Cramps Without Any Contraction
There are two contraction disorders with the above symptom. First, there is no actual contraction with the mind imagining the cramp. This is referred to as Illusory Cramps. Secondly, there might be cramps, but not aided by muscle contraction but by inadequate blood flow to muscles during physical exertion. This disorder is termed Muscle Ischemia.
- Cramps With Sudden Weakness, Loss Of Body Fluids, And Sensation
It might indicate a hormonal disorder in the body.
However, the saving grace is that the disorders bring forth other symptoms too, which makes the clinical diagnosis easier. Hence, people need to note the type of muscle cramps they experience and seek medical advice immediately if they list the above points.
The diagnosis done by the doctors involves a detailed examination of the medical history the patient has and existing medical conditions that they suffer from. Here are a few questions you might need to find the answer to before visiting a doctor.
- When and where do they occur?
- The frequency of occurrence?
- The severity?
- The time it lasts?
- Other symptoms were experienced before, along, and after the cramps.
- External factors or medical treatment may be a potential trigger.
Based on these questionnaires and physical examination, the doctor can deduce the possible conclusion he might direct to different tests. The test conducted might give further direction to what may be the hidden cause of this unusual behavior.
When To Pay Specific Attention?
Some people are more vulnerable to muscular cramps. Hence, they need to note their severity and frequency when they are nearing the border of disorder.
- Medical history.
- Tight muscles.
- Hormonal and electrolyte imbalance.
- Consumption of alcohol and drugs.
- Medical treatment that may lead to the above conditions like dialysis.
How To Take Precautions?
Taking adequate measures to keep the muscular cramps at bay may help you to escape from the aftermath. Here are top tips to bear in mind:
- Stretch your muscles to avoid tightening. Have gentle exercises to keep your body agile.
- If you are not an exercise person, don’t exert yourself too much when you start.
- Hydrate yourself.
- Avoid excessive smoking and drinking.
- Check the drugs you take. If they have stimulants that act as a trigger for the cramps, then take the alternative.
Muscular cramps can be a sign by the body indicating other muscular diseases. Hence, do not dismiss them if they persist for a long time with increasing severity. If you notice any of the above symptoms along with the spasm, make sure to seek medical intervention at the earliest to eliminate any risk that may come along.